The male body produces both testosterone and oestrogen, although oestrogen is usually found at low levels. If a man’s testosterone levels are especially low in comparison to oestrogen, or if there is an excess of oestrogen activity relative to testosterone, larger breasts may develop.
When boys hit puberty and there is a noticeable change in hormonal activity in the body, gynaecomastia may appear. However, it may resolve itself with time and without treatment. The excess of breast tissue may be equal in both breasts, or there may be more in one breast than the other.
As testosterone levels drop in older men, gynecomastia may develop and persist unless it’s treated. Gynaecomastia affects about one in four men between the ages of 50 and 80, according to the Mayo Clinic. The condition usually isn’t harmful or serious. In some cases, it can result in sore breast tissue.
For the treatment of Gynaecomastia, there are a variety of options.
Gynaecomastia may be treated with medications such as raloxifene and tamoxifen. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved these medications to treat breast cancer, but not gynecomastia. The use of drugs to treat a condition for which they are not FDA approved is known as an “off label” use. Off label treatments may be safe. But you should talk about the use of these medications with your doctor before starting treatment.
There are surgical options, too. You may have heard about liposuction, which removes excess fat from the belly. It can be used to remove fat in the breasts, too. Liposuction does not affect the breast gland, however. A mastectomy is the surgical removal of breast gland tissue. It can be done with a small incision and a relatively short recovery period. These the treatment of gynaecomastia may include corrective or cosmetic surgery to provide you with the shape and look you want.
If you’re interested in having Gynaecomastia surgery, contact us on 0330 808 1968 and book a consultation.