What is a Hypertrophic Prostate? | Moorgate Andrology

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What is a Hypertrophic Prostate?

Hypertrophic Prostate

Benign prostatic hyperplasia – also called prostate gland enlargement – is a common condition as men get older. A Hypertrophic Prostate can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive therapies, and surgery. To choose the best option, you and your doctor will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and your preferences.

Symptoms

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of a Hypertrophic Prostate include:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination at night
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream or a stream, that stops and starts
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

Less common signs and symptoms include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

The size of your prostate doesn’t necessarily determine the severity of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms. In some men, symptoms eventually stabilise and might even improve over time.

Other Possible Causes of Urinary Symptoms

Conditions that can lead to symptoms similar to those caused by enlarged prostate include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inflammation of the prostate
  • Narrowing of the urethra
  • Scarring in the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery
  • Bladder or kidney stones
  • Problems with nerves that control the bladder
  • Cancer of the prostate or bladder

When to see a doctor

If you are having urinary problems, discuss them with your doctor. Even if you don’t find urinary symptoms bothersome, it’s important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated, urinary problems might lead to obstruction of the urinary tract. If you are unable to pass any urine, seek immediate medical attention.

More advice on sexual health can be found on our site or blog page.

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