There are a few different stages when it comes to prostate cancer. The stage of cancer tells you how big it is and how far it has spread. It helps your doctor decide which treatment you need. The tests and scans you have to diagnose your cancer give some information about the stage. Sometimes it is not possible to be certain about the stage of cancer until after surgery. Doctors can use a number system of the TNM system to stage your cancer.
Types of Prostate Cancer
The type of cancer you have tells you the type of cell that the cancer started in. Knowing this helps your doctor decide which treatment you need.
Adenocarcinomas are cancers that develop in the gland cells that line the prostate gland. They are the most common type of prostate cancer. Nearly everyone with the disease has this type.
Ductal adenocarcinoma starts in the cells that line the ducts of the prostate gland. It tends to grow and spread quicker than acinar adenocarcinoma.
Transitional Cell or Urothelial Cancer
Transitional cell cancer of the prostate starts in the cells that line the tube carrying urine to the outside of the body. This type usually starts in the bladder and spreads into the prostate. But rarely it can start in the prostate and may spread into the bladder entrance and nearby tissues.
Squamous Cell Cancer
These cancers develop from flat cells that cover the prostate. They tend to grow and spread more quickly than adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
Small Cell Prostate Cancer
Small cell prostate cancer is made up of small round cells. It is a type of neuroendocrine cancer. The symptoms of small cell are similar to other types of prostate cancer. They include:
- Difficulty passing urine
- Passing urine more often than usual
- Pain passing urine
- Blood in the urine
Some men with small cell prostate cancer also have paraneoplastic syndrome. This is when you have high levels of particular hormones or other substances in the body which cause these symptoms.
If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of prostate cancer, then contact your GP ASAP.