Testosterone is a hormone that is produced primarily in testicles for men and the ovaries and adrenal glands for women. The hormone is essential to the development of male growth and masculine characteristics. After early adulthood, it’s natural for levels to drop slightly each year. Your body may see a one percent decline after you are 30 years old. So, what are the benefits of increasing your testosterone levels? Let’s take a look.
Healthy Heart and Blood
A healthy heart pumps blood to the rest of the body, providing muscles and organs with the oxygen needed for peak performance. Testosterone helps red blood cell production through the bone marrow. Low testosterone levels are linked to a variety of cardiovascular risks.
But can testosterone replacement therapy help with heart disease? Study results are mixed. Small studies in the early 2000s found that men with heart disease who underwent the therapy saw only slight improvements. Some were able to increase their walking distance by 33%. Another study found that hormone therapy only widened healthy arteries but had no effect on angina pain.
Less fat, more muscle
Testosterone is responsible for increased muscle mass. Leaner body mass helps control weight and increases energy. For men with low testosterone, studies show that treatment can decrease fat mass and increase muscle size and strength. Some men reported a change in lean body mass but no increase in strength. It is likely you’ll see the most benefits when you combine testosterone therapy with strength training and exercise.
Testosterone plays a huge role in bone mineral density. Bone density decreases as men age and testosterone levels drop. This raises the risk of weak bones and osteoporosis. Strong bones help support your muscles and internal organs, which can boost athletic performance.
Research shows that bone density increases with testosterone treatment as long as the dose is high enough. Clinical trials on the effect of the hormone on bone density found increases in spinal and hip bone density. Another study of females transitioning into males found that testosterone increased bone mineral density. But it’s unknown if testosterone can help with reducing fracture risk.